Kaplan began his academic career at HBS in 1984 after 16 years at Carnegie-Melon University business school, where he was dean from 1977 to 1983. Kaplan received his b.s. and M.S. in Electrical Engineering from M.I.T. and his PhD in Operations Research from Cornell University.
He is co-creator of Balanced Scorecard systems and Activity-Based Costing, co-author of 14 books, 17 Harvard Business Review articles, and over 120 papers. His most recent publication is entitled The Execution Premium: Integrating strategy and operations for competitive advantage, the fifth book that develops and deepens the theme of the Corporate Strategy and its Implementation, co-authored with David Norton.